Facts & Figures

Population and Geography

Population of Tokyo: 13.7 million
Geography and Area: Tokyo, covering 2, 187 square kilometers, is located in the center of the Japanese archipelago in Eastern Asia, facing the Pacific Ocean. The Tama and Sumida rivers flow through the capital city of Japan, with the Greater Tokyo region drained by five rivers. Major mountains include Mt. Mitake, Kumotori, Mihara and Takao.

Time Zone

+9 hours (GMT) (+14 hours from EST and +17 hours from PST). Tokyo does not observe daylight savings time.


The official language of Japan is Japanese. English is spoken widely in Tokyo. Most people involved with the travel industry speak English.

Best Times of the Year to visit Tokyo

Popular seasons to visit Tokyo remain spring, from March to May, and autumn, from September through November. While cherry blossoms bloom from the end of March to the beginning of April, the leaves change colors from mid to late November. The rainy season lasts from early June to mid July.

Public Holidays

Should any of the set-date national holidays listed below fall on Sunday, the holiday is observed on Monday (Museums normally closed on Monday would stay open and close the following day). From December 29 to January 3 (Year-end to New Year’s), late April to early May (Golden Week), and around August 13-15 (Obon holidays) are extended holiday periods, which means many Japanese travel inside Japan and overseas.

January 1
New Year’s Day
January (2nd Mon)
Coming of Age Day (20 year olds)
February 11
National Foundation Day
March 20 or 21
Spring Equinox Day
April 29
Showa Day (former Emperor’s birthday)
May 3
Constitution Memorial Day
May 4
Greenery Day
May 5
Children’s Day
July (3rd Mon)
Sea Day
August 11
Mountain Day
September (3rd Mon)
Respect for the Aged Day
September 22 or 23
Autumn Equinox Day
October (2nd Mon)
Health and Sports Day
November 3
Culture Day
November 23
Labor Thanksgiving Day
December 23
Emperor’s Birthday


The Japanese yen (¥) is the official currency, coming in denominations of 10, 000, 5, 000 and 1, 000 yen bills, as well as 500, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 yen coins.


There is an 8% consumption tax on goods.


It is not necessary to tip for service in Japan, such as at restaurants, bars, taxis, airports and hotels. However, hotels and some restaurants indicate an additional service charge on their bills or menus, respectively.

Business Hours

Banks - 9:00 - 15:00. Closed Sat, Sun and holidays.
Post offices - 9:00 - 17:00. Closed Sat, Sun and holidays.
Retail stores - 10:00 - 20:00. Usually also open Sat, Sun and holidays.


Voltage - 100V AC (note: throughout Japan) Electrical Current - 50Hz (Tokyo and Eastern Japan). 60Hz (Kyoto, Osaka and rest of Western Japan) Sockets - Standard flat two-pin.


Verify with your local embassy or consulate. Japan waives visa requirements to enter or for short-term stays regarding traveling residents of 68 countries and regions (August, 2017, Ministry of Foreign Affairs).